Costs By Risk Factor

Social services are available to all children in Oregon, but some children are at a higher risk of needing them than others. P4P aims to focus support on children with key factors that predict maltreatment and foster care. Supporting children with these risk factors will increase the chances of avoiding costs for child welfare services.

Average Lifetime Child Welfare Costs for Oregon Children

DHS Administrative Data, ECONorthwest analysis.

Data show lifetime child welfare costs for children who enter the foster care system before age six after being abused and neglected. These data underestimate total lifetime costs because they exclude child welfare costs after age six other than adoption payments and guardianship assistance payments. Direct costs reflect the Oregon portion of payments; the state saves these costs. Staff costs reflect full funding; these staff resources can be redirected to help other children. The underlying dataset are all children born in Oregon between 2003 and 2004, with child welfare outcomes until 2010.

The following chart shows the costs associated with serving the average child entering foster care, based on the factors predicting maltreatment and foster care entry.

Select any of the predictive factors below and the "selected factors" column will shift to reflect the costs associated with serving a child with those predictive factors:

LEARN ABOUT THE P4P PREDICTIVE FACTORS

Poverty

Impoverished families often struggle to meet basic needs and have difficulties accessing public services. Children born into these families are more likely than their peers to fall behind in school and overall cognitive development. They are also more likely to be at-risk of maltreatment and neglect.

31%
31% of children born with a P4P poverty predictive factor.

Almost one third of children born in Oregon between 2001 and 2010 were born into poverty conditions predicting maltreatment and foster care entry

9%

9% of children born into poverty in Oregon are over 80 times more likely to experience maltreatment and enter foster care relative to children with no predictive factors.

Mother without high school degree

Our risk-factor literature research found 4 out of 4 high quality studies focusing on children age six or younger that established a strong link between mothers who have not completed secondary education and a child's risk of entry into foster care. Our data identify children born to mothers who did not complete high school at the time of birth.

20%
20% of children born with a P4P parental education predictive factor.

One fifth of children born in Oregon between 2001 and 2010 were born to mothers who didn't graduate high school, predicting maltreatment and foster care entry.

8%

8% of children born to mothers who didn't complete high school in Oregon are over 80 times more likely to experience maltreatment and enter foster care relative to children with no predictive factors.

Parental Substance Abuse

Our data identify children born to mothers who were enrolled in an Oregon DHS substance use program.

4%
4% of children born to a mother who accessed DHS substance use programs.

Four percent of children born in Oregon between 2001 and 2010 were born to a mother who accessed DHS substance use programs, predicting maltreatment and foster care entry.

53%

More than half of children born to a mother dealing with substance abuse issues in Oregon are over 80 times more likely to experience maltreatment and enter foster care relative to children with no predictive factors.

Parental Criminal Activity

Our data identify children born to mothers who had been sentenced for a violent or non-violent crime two years prior to birth.

2%
2% of children born to a parent with a predictive factor of criminal behavior.

Two percent of children born in Oregon between 2001 and 2010 were born to a parent who was sentenced for a crime in Oregon two years prior to birth.

52%

More than half of children born in Oregon to a parent with a history of criminal activity are over 80 times more likely to experience maltreatment and enter foster care relative to children with no predictive factors.


Parental Mental Health

Our data identify children born to mothers who accessed Oregon DHS mental health support services.

4%
4% of children born to a parent with a P4P mental health predictive factor.

Four percent of children born in Oregon between 2001 and 2010 were born to a dealing with mental health issues, predicting abuse and neglect.

36%

A little over one third of children born in Oregon to a parent dealing with mental health issues are over 80 times more likely to experience maltreatment and enter foster care relative to children with no predictive factors.

Family Stability

Our data identify children born to mothers who were not married at the time of birth or the father was not identified.

30%
30% of children born with a P4P family instability predictive factor.

Almost one third of children born in Oregon between 2001 and 2010 were born into unstable family conditions.

8%

8% of children born into unstable family conditions in Oregon are over 80 times more likely to experience maltreatment and enter foster care relative to children with no predictive factors.